Canada’s forests by the numbers
- Canada has 397.3 million hectares of forest, other wooded land and other land with tree cover.
- About 67% of Canada’s forests are coniferous, 16% are mixedwood and 11% are broadleaf.
Canada’s forests account for:
- 10% of the world’s forest cover
- 30% of the world’s boreal forest
- 42% of the world’s forests certified as being sustainably managed
- more than 25% of the world’s temperate rainforest
- 25% of the world’s wetlands
- 20% of the world’s freshwater
- Most of Canada’s forest land (93%) is publicly owned (that is, “Crown land”): 77% is under provincial or territorial jurisdiction and 16% is under federal jurisdiction.
- The remaining 7% of forest land is on private property belonging to more than 450 000 private landowners.
- The provinces and territories have legislative authority over the conservation and management of the forest resources on the Crown land in their jurisdictions.
- The federal government has legislative authority over forest resources where those resources affect, or are affected by, matters related to: the national economy, trade and international relations; federal lands and parks; and the government’s constitutional, treaty, political and legal responsibilities for Aboriginal peoples.
- In 2011, direct employment in the Canadian forest industry fell slightly (by 1.8%) compared with the 2010 employment level.
- For about 200 communities across Canada, the forest sector makes up at least 50% of the economic base.
- About 80% of all Aboriginal communities in Canada are in forested areas.
- Public participation is an important aspect of forest management planning in Canada.
- There were 12.5 million person-visits to Canada’s national parks in 2011.
- By value, Canada is the world’s leading exporter of softwood lumber, newsprint and wood pulp; and the fifth largest exporter of wood panels and printing and writing papers.
- The forest industry contributes about 1.9% to Canada’s gross domestic product.
- The U.S. is by far the largest buyer of Canadian forest products.
- Canada has 397.3 million hectares of forest, other wooded land and other land with tree cover. This represents 10% of the world’s forest cover and 30% of the world’s boreal forest.
- Less than 0.2% of Canada’s forests are harvested annually.
- By law, all forests harvested on Canada’s public land must be successfully regenerated.
- As of December 2011, Canada had 150.6 million hectares of forests certified as being sustainably managed under one or more of three globally recognized certification systems.
- Bioenergy accounts for 58% of the total energy used by the forest industry, with the pulp and paper sector meeting some 63% of its energy needs from forest biomass.