Canadian Forest Service Publications

Rates of litter decomposition over 6 years in Canadian forests: influence of litter quality and climate. 2002. Trofymow, J.A.; Moore, T.R.; Titus, B.D.; Prescott, C.; Morrison, I.; Siltanen, M.; Smith, S.M.; Fyles, J.; Wein, R.; Camire, C.; Duschene, L.; Kozak, L.M.; Kranabetter, M.; Visser, S. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 789-804.

Year: 2002

Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 19762

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (download)

Abstract

The effects of litter quality and climate on decomposition rates of plant tissues were examined using percent mass remaining (MR) data of 10 foliar litter types and 1 wood type during 6 years exposure at 18 upland forest sites across Canada. Litter-quality variables used included initial nutrient contents (N, P, S, K, Ca, Mg) and carbon fractions (determined by proximate analysis and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy). Climate variables used included mean annual temperature; total, summer, and winter precipitation; and potential evaptranspiration. A single-exponential decay model with intercept was fit using the natural logarithm of 0- to 6-year percent MR data (LNMR) for all 198 type by site combinations. Model fit was good for most sites and types (r2 = 0.64–0.98), although poorest for cold sites with low-quality materials. Multiple regression of model slope (K f ) and intercept (A) terms demonstrated the im-portance of temperature, summer precipitation, and the acid-unhydrolyzable residue to N ratio (AUR/N) (r2 = 0.65) for K f , and winter precipitation and several litter-quality variables including AUR/N for A (r2 = 0.60). Comparison of ob-served versus predicted LNMR for the best overall combined models were good (r2 = 0.75–0.80), although showed some bias, likely because of other site- and type-specific factors as predictions using 198 equations accounted for more variance (r2 = 0.95) and showed no bias.