Canadian Forest Service Publications
Direct control: theory and practice. 2006. Carroll, A.L.; Shore, T.L.; Safranyik, L. Pages 155-172 (Chapter 6) in L. Safranyik and W.R. Wilson, editors. The mountain pine beetle: a synthesis of biology, management, and impacts on lodgepole pine. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre, Victoria, British Columbia. 304 p.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 26044
Direct control programs intended to minimize the impacts of epidemic mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopk. [Coleoptera: Scolytidae]) populations began 100 years ago. Since then, many tactics have been developed that are capable of introducing significant mortality into a beetle population. These tactics include cultural and mechanical treatments, chemical insecticides and semiochemical manipulation of populations. This chapter reviews the suite of operational tactics that have been, and are currently, used to control mountain pine beetle populations. Based upon simple population processes, a framework for successful control is also presented. This framework is considered within the larger context of control programs over large landscapes where multiple objectives may be desired. Finally, previous attempts at mitigating mountain pine beetle impacts are assessed in relation to the direct control framework. A successful direct control program requires prompt and thorough application of the most appropriate treatments at a magnitude dictated by the population size and rate of increase.