Canadian Forest Service Publications
Clonal plant production from self- and cross-pollinated seed families of Pinus sylvestris (L.) through somatic embryogenesis. 2008. Lelu-Walter, M.A.; Bernier-Cardou, M.; Klimaszewska, K. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 92: 31-45.
Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 29284
Several factors affecting somatic embryogenesis (SE) in Pinus sylvestris from self-and cross-pollinated seed families were studied with the aim of producing large quantities of clonal plants. Somatic embryogenesis initiation from zygotic embryos was improved on a medium with lower than standard concentrations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.2 vs. 9.5 µM) and 6-benzyladenine (2.2 vs. 4.5 µM). On this medium, initiation rates of four controlled crosses, including one self-cross, varied from 3% to 25%. Among the maturation factors tested, the concentration of abscisic acid (ABA 80, 120 µM) had no significant effect on the production of mature somatic embryos when the medium contained 0.1 M sucrose. When sucrose concentration was 0.2 M, however, 1.4 times more mature somatic embryos were produced on medium with 80 lM compared with 120 µM ABA. Under our best maturation conditions, mature somatic embryos accumulated amounts of storage proteins that were similar to the amounts in mature zygotic embryos. Activated charcoal exerted a beneficial effect on mature somatic embryo production of 24-week-old cultures; there was no evidence of such an effect in 8-week-old cultures. Thirty-seven embryogenic lines from a self-cross and an out-cross were chosen for clonal plant production. Highly embryogenic lines produced mature somatic embryos that were more likely to convert to plants than those from less embryogenic lines. After 4 months of growth in a shade house, plantlet survival rates exceeded 70% for 31 lines out of 35. This report describes an improved method for accelerated production of large quantities of Scots pine for clonal tests.