Canadian Forest Service Publications
Exotic Wood-boring Beetles in British Columbia: Interceptions and Establishments. 1998. Humble, L.M.; Allen, E.A.; Bell, J.D. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Pacific Forestry Centre.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 5303
The low grade wood and wood products used to support, brace or package commodities during shipment provide a pathway for the global movement of bark and wood- boring beetles. Immature stages of bark and wood-boring insects present within the wood used in such packaging can complete their development and emerge as adults after the commodity has arrived in Canada. Storage of commodities packaged or shipped with low grade wood products near forested lands or the disposal of wood packaging in or near natural forest provides an avenue for the introduction and establishment of non-indigenous bark and wood boring insects. Research results are presented which demonstrate that introductions of "exotics" are ongoing and that these non-indigenous bark and wood-boring species continue to establish and accumulate in the forests of Canada.
Also available under the title:
Interceptions et établissement en Colombie-Britannique d'espèces exotiques de coléoptères perceurs du bois (French)