Canadian Forest Service Publications
Laboratory rearing of the eastern hemlock looper (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) on artificial diet and grand fir foliage. 1999. Li, S.Y.; Otvos, I.S. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 96: 25-27.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 5394
This paper describes a technique to rear the eastern hemlock looper, Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria (Guen.) on a modified spruce budworm artificial diet and foliage of grand fir, Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D.Don).