Canadian Forest Service Publications
Ethylene evolution, radial growth and carbohydrate concentrations in Abies balsamea shoots ringed with Ethrel. 1998. Eklund, L.; Little, C.H.A. Tree Physiology 18: 383-391.
Available from: Atlantic Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 6042
The terminal (1-year-old) shoot of quiescent, 2-year-old Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. seedlings was either left untreated or ringed with 0, 1 or 10 mg Ethrel g-1 lanolin. After 5 weeks of culture under environmental conditions favorable for growth, the shoots were harvested to measure ethylene evolution and carbohydrate concentrations by gas chromatography, and tracheid number and bark radial width by microscopy. In untreated shoots, the basal rate of ethylene evolution followed the order: cambial region > cortex + periderm = xylem + pith = needles. Wound-induced ethylene production was not detected until at least 4 h after excision, but was evident in all fractions 24 h after excision; the increase in wound-induced ethylene evolution followed the order: cambial region > cortex + periderm > xylem + pith > needles. Compared with untreated controls, the application of plain lanolin, which involved the removal of needles and periderm, increased bark radial width and wound-induced ethylene production by the cambial region and the cortex + periderm, but decreased cambial region concentrations of fructose, glucose and starch at the application point. At the application point, Ethrel concomitantly increased ethylene evolution from the cambial region and the cortex + periderm, tracheid number, bark radial width, and the cambial region concentrations of fructose, glucose, sucrose and starch. No effects of Ethrel treatment were detected above or below the application point, with the exception that the 10 mg g-1 Ethrel treatment stiumlated ethylene evolution and decreased starch concentration of the cambial region. The results indicate that: (1) the cambial region is the major source of endogenous ethylene in the 1-year-old shoot; (2) the magnitude of the difference in ethylene evolution between particular shoot fractions is different before and after the start of of wound-induced ethylene production; (3) the Ethrel-induced increase in tracheid number and bark radial width at the application point is positively related to ethylene evolution from the cambial region and the cortex + periderm, respectively; and (4) ethylene derived from Ethrel applied laterally to a woody stem can mobilize carbohydrates to the application point.