Statistical data


Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,069,000
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Total area 396,433,600
Forest area change (hectares, 2014)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 34,200
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320


Insects (hectares, 2014)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 20,307,538
Fires (2015)
Area burned (hectares) 3,903,276
Number of fires 7,068

Forest management

Harvesting (2014)
Area harvested (hectares) 717,059
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 153,065,000
Regeneration (hectares, 2014)
Area planted 399,076
Area seeded 11,961
Third-party certification (hectares, 2015)
Area certified 166,163,538
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.10%
Ib Wilderness area 1.90%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 4.20%
III Conservation of natural features 0.50%
IV Conservation through active management 0.20%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.02%

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2014)
CO2e removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (megatonnes) 0.6
CO2e emissions due to deforestation (megatonnes) 10.0
For managed forests (2014)
Area of managed forests (million hectares) 232
CO2e net removals due to forest biomass and dead organic matter (megatonnes) 159.6
CO2e net emissions to the atmosphere (megatonnes) 70.6

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2015)
Forestry and logging industry 4,545,466,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 8,624,847,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 8,977,177,000
Total contribution to nominal GDP 22,147,490,000
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2007 dollars, 2015)
Forestry and logging industry 4,460,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 7,447,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 9,401,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 21,308,000,000
Employment (number, 2015)
Labour Force Survey 259,308
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 187,531
Canadian System of National Accounts 201,645
Direct and indirect employment 296,691
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2014) 9,471,790,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2015) 2,680,400,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2014) 2,691,300,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2014) 60,330,434,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2015) 21,539,162,600
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2015)
Primary wood products 1,204,355,252
Pulp and paper products 17,771,873,955
Wood-fabricated materials 13,737,361,262
Total value of exports 32,713,590,469
Value of imports (dollars, 2015) 11,174,427,869

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2015)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,754,400
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 62,974,400
Newsprint (tonnes) 3,500,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 3,041,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 16,841,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 7,966,755
Consumption (2015)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 4,193,437
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 24,617,991
Newsprint (tonnes) 658,850
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,093
Wood pulp (tonnes) 7,341,670
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 3,271,475
Date modified: