Statistical data


Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,575,750
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Total area 396,940,350
Forest area change (hectares, 2012)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 45,800
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%
Inventory sources and information


Insects (hectares, 2012)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 8,582,720
Fires (2013)
Area burned (hectares) 4,203,867
Number of fires 6,246
Disturbance sources and information

Forest management

Harvesting (2012)
Area harvested (hectares) 594,003
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 151,978,000
Regeneration (hectares, 2012)
Area planted 347,127
Area seeded 10,576
Third-party certification (hectares, 2013)
Area certified 152,937,728
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.10%
Ib Wilderness area 1.90%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 4.20%
III Conservation of natural features 0.50%
IV Conservation through active management 0.20%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.02%
Forest management sources and information

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2012)
CO2e removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (megatonnes) 0.7
CO2e emissions due to deforestation (megatonnes) 10.7
For managed forests (2012)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 232,000,000
CO2e net removals due to forest biomass and dead organic matter (megatonnes) 148.0
CO2e net emissions to the atmosphere (megatonnes) 32.0
Greenhouse gas inventory sources and information

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2013)
Forestry and logging industry 4,100,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 8,000,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 8,800,000,000
Total contribution to nominal GDP 20,900,000,000
Employment (number, 2013)
Labour Force Survey 216,500
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 186,561
Canadian System of National Accounts 208,915
Direct and indirect employment 321,300
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2012) 8,656,795,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2013) 2,173,700,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2012) 2,710,900,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2012) 53,159,908,000
Economic impact sources and information


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2013) 19,205,972,823
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2013)
Primary wood products 1,300,128,228
Pulp and paper products 15,729,889,975
Wood-fabricated materials 11,388,478,205
Total value of exports 28,418,496,408
Value of imports (dollars, 2013) 9,377,990,632
Trade sources and information

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2013)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,306,200
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 57,687,700
Newsprint (tonnes) 3,972,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 3,466,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 17,254,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 7,132,294
Consumption (2013)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,969,127
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 20,922,999
Newsprint (tonnes) 797,878
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,224,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 7,766,338
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 3,493,585
Domestic production and consumption sources and information