Statistical data


Forest inventory

Forest area by classification (hectares)
Forest land 347,575,750
Other land with tree cover 8,498,940
Other wooded land 40,865,660
Total area 396,940,350
Forest area change (hectares, 2013)
Afforestation Not available
Deforestation 45,800
Growing stock (million cubic metres)
Total volume 47,320
Forest ownership
Provincial 76.6%
Territorial 12.9%
Private 6.2%
Aboriginal 2.0%
Federal 1.6%


Insects (hectares, 2013)
Area defoliated by insects and containing beetle-killed trees 20,129,334
Fires (2014)
Area burned (hectares) 4,563,848
Number of fires 5,127

Forest management

Harvesting (2013)
Area harvested (hectares) 738,836
Volume harvested (cubic metres) 152,076,000
Regeneration (hectares, 2013)
Area planted 387,395
Area seeded 10,492
Third-party certification (hectares, 2014)
Area certified 160,856,360
Protected forest (IUCN categories)
Ia Strict nature reserve 0.10%
Ib Wilderness area 1.90%
II Ecosystem conservation and protection 4.20%
III Conservation of natural features 0.50%
IV Conservation through active management 0.20%
V Landscape conservation and recreation 0.02%

Greenhouse gas inventory

For forest lands affected by land-use change (2013)
CO2e removals from the atmosphere due to afforestation (megatonnes) 0.6
CO2e emissions due to deforestation (megatonnes) 3.1
For managed forests (2013)
Area of managed forests (hectares) 232,000,000
CO2e net removals due to forest biomass and dead organic matter (megatonnes) 143.0
CO2e net emissions to the atmosphere (megatonnes) -19.0

Domestic economic impact

Contribution to nominal GDP (current dollars, 2014)
Forestry and logging industry 4,137,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 8,138,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 8,533,000,000
Total contribution to nominal GDP 20,808,000,000
Contribution to real GDP (constant 2007 dollars, 2014)
Forestry and logging industry 3,830,000,000
Pulp and paper product manufacturing industry 6,998,000,000
Wood product manufacturing industry 9,308,000,000
Total contribution to real GDP 20,136,000,000
Employment (number, 2014)
Labour Force Survey 232,700
Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours 185,611
Canadian System of National Accounts 195,015
Direct and indirect employment 288,669
Wages and salaries (dollars, 2012) 8,656,795,000
Capital expenditures (dollars, 2014) 2,582,000,000
Repair expenditures (dollars, 2013) 2,437,700,000
Revenue from goods manufactured (dollars, 2012) 53,159,908,000


Balance of trade (total exports, dollars, 2014) 20,713,209,235
Value of domestic exports (dollars, 2014)
Primary wood products 1,301,203,443
Pulp and paper products 16,839,424,399
Wood-fabricated materials 12,633,143,321
Total value of exports 30,773,771,163
Value of imports (dollars, 2014) 10,060,561,928

Domestic production and consumption

Production (2014)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,459,500
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 58,158,300
Newsprint (tonnes) 4,014,000
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 3,268,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 16,962,000
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 7,687,126
Consumption (2014)
Hardwood lumber (cubic metres) 1,775,792
Softwood lumber (cubic metres) 20,026,762
Newsprint (tonnes) 775,317
Printing and writing paper (tonnes) 1,138,000
Wood pulp (tonnes) 7,680,589
Structural panels (plywood and oriented strandboard) (cubic metres) 3,505,089
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