Canadian Forest Service Publications
Growth and ecophysiological responses of black spruce seedlings to elevated CO2 under varied water and nutrient additions. 1993. Johnsen, K.H. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 1033-1042.
Issued by: National Capital Region
Catalog ID: 10772
Two controlled-environment studies examined growth and ecophysiological responses of black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) B.S.P.) seedlings to elevated CO2 under varied water and nutrient additions. Growth analyses were conducted followed by measurements of gas exchange, xylem pressure potential and foliar N concentratins. Growth under elevated CO2 (700 ppm) increased final seedling dry weights by 20-48% compared with seedling growth under ambiant CO2 (350 ppm). Percent increases in seedlling dry weight were greater under drought versus well-watered conditions and higher versus lower nutrient additions. Seedlings grown under elevated CO2 displayed higher water use efficiency than seedlings grown under ambient CO2. This was apparent based upon instantaneous gas exchange as well xylem potential pressure measurements. Elevated CO2-induced stimulation of relative growth rate was greatest shorthly after seedling emergence and decreased with increased seedling size. Acclimation of net photosynthesis was observed and was reversible. Analyses using allometric principles indicate net photosynthetic acclimation resulted from: (i) growth-induced nutrient dilution; (ii) a decrease in foliar N levels not owing to dilution; and (iii) a decrease in net photosynthetic activity.