Canadian Forest Service Publications
Modifying sexual expression of containerized jack pine by topping, altering soil nitrogen and water, and applying gibberellins. 1994. Fogal, W.H.; Coleman, S.J.; Wolynetz, M.S.; Schooley, H.O.; Lopushanski, S.M.; Anderson, M.L. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24(5): 869-877.
Issued by: National Capital Region
Catalog ID: 10835
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The numbers of seed strobili and pollen strobilus clusters and the extent of branch terminal growth were determined on 6-year-old containerized jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) trees following modification of the soil nitrogen (N) supply (NH4NO3 at 3, 100, or 300 mg N/L; NO3- at 100 mg N/L; or NH4+ at 100 mg N/L in a nutrient solution), soil water supply (soil water potentials above -20 kPa compared with potentials near -70kPa), and tree crown size (intact trees outside polythene shelters and lightly versys severely topped trees under polythene shelters). These factors were tested with or without biweekly foliar applications of spray solutions conaining 400 mg/L of GA4/7. Intact trees outside polythene shelters did not display sexual or growth responses to N or GA4/7 treatments. Seed strobilus production on topped trees under shelters was not influenced by the level of topping or N supply, but it was depressed by low soil mosture potentials and stimulated by GA4/7 with high or low soil water potentials. Pollen strobilus production was depressed by severe topping and by low soil water potential; it was stimulated by GA4/7 on lightly topped trees but not on severely topped trees and by a low (3 mg N/L) N supply. In the year after treatment, terminalgrowth of a branch from the 2-year-old nodal whorl was not influenced by nitrogen supply or by light topping but it was increased by severe topping; it was increased by GA4/7 treatment if soil water potential was high but not with low water potential; it was depressed by low soil water potential.