Canadian Forest Service Publications
Crown development in red pine stands. I. Absolute and relative growth measures. 1994. Larocque, G.R.; Marshall, P.L. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24(4): 762-774.
Available from: National Capital Region
Catalog ID: 10849
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
The crown development of red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) plantations originating from different initial spacings was studied between 13 and 33 years of age. First, the effect of spacing on models used to predict crown width and crown ratio from diameter at breast height (DBH) and height was examined. Models for trees of different ages that included all the spacings were found to predict crown growth measures as well as separate models derived for each spacing. Second, the following crown relative growth measures were studied: crown width / crown length (crown shape ratio), crown surface / crown volume, and foliage biomass / crown volume. The way such measures changed over time under different initial spacings was studied; these findings were compared with changes in relative growth rate (RGR), which can be used to evaluate the effect of competitive stress. Crown shape ratio decreased with an increase in DBH in the absence of severe competition, and increased wit DBH under severe competitive stress. The other two crown relative growth measures were always negatively correlated with DBH; this shows that large trees use their aerial growing space less efficiently than small trees at all stages of stand development. Only crown shape ratio changed in the same way as RGR.
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