Canadian Forest Service Publications

Influence du drainage et de la texture du dépôt sur la vulnérabilité du sapin baumier et de l'épinette blanche aux attaques de la tordeuse des bourgeons de l'épinette. 1989. Archambault, L.; Gagnon, R.R.; Pelletier, G.; Chabot, M.; Bélanger, L. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 20 : 750-756.

Year: 1989

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 14015

Language: French

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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Balsam fir (Abies balsamea L.) Mill.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) mortality was measured in five areas of the province of Quebec severely affected by spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)) defoliation. Mortality was compared for different combinations of soil texture and drainage. For balsam fir, two vulnerability classes, based on combinations of soil texture and drainage, were defined. In the first class, mortality reached 74% of the preoutbreak volume, as compared with 86% in the second class. For white spruce, three vulnerability classes were defined based on soil texture and drainage combinations. In the low, moderate, and high vulnerability classes, white spruce mortality reached 10, 25 and 52%, respectively. Soil moisture regime is an important factor in determining vulnerability. From these results, we propose an ecosystem classification based on vulnerability to spruce budworm. Particular reference is made to what significance the findings may have for forest integrated pest management.