Canadian Forest Service Publications
Barrier zone formation in host and non-host trees inoculated with Ophiostoma ulmi. I. Anatomy and histochemistry. 1991. Rioux, D.; Ouellette, G.B. Canadian Journal of Botany 69 (9): 2055-2073.
Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 14211
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
Barrier zone formation was studied in small branches of Ulmus Americana L., Prunus pensylvanica L.f., and Populus balsamifera L. following inoculation with Ophiostoma ulmi (Buism.) Nannf. (the Dutch elm disease pathogen). Barrier zones were continuous in the nonhosts whereas they were generally discontinuous in U. Americana; barrier zone formation also occurred at a later stage of infection in the latter than in the former. Barrier zones were formed of parenchyma cells and fibers in U. Americana, mainly of parenchyma cells in Prunus pensylvanica, and of fibers in Populus balsamifera. Fibers as a principal component of barrier zones are described for the first time. Histochemical tests revealed that the proportion of lignin was higher in barrier zone cell walls than in elements of the noninvaded xylem. Barrier zones contained suberized cells, the number of which was progressively greater in the order U. Americana, Prunus pensylvanica, and Populus balsamifera. However, many fibers of U. Americana occasionally formed a continuous barrier zone and had an internal layer that was slightly suberized. In addition, phenolic compounds were usually detected within barrier zone cells of these species.
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