Canadian Forest Service Publications

Genetic structure and variability in Pinus strobus in Quebec. 1994. Beaulieu, J.; Simon, J.-P. Can. J. For. Res. 24: 1726-1733.

Year: 1994

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 16600

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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The level of genetic diversity of natural populations of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) from Quebec was estimated from allozyme variants of 18 loci coding 12 enzyme systems. On average, a white pine population was polymorphic at 50.6% of loci, had 1.96 alleles and 1.22 effective alleles per locus, and observed and expected heterozygosities of 0.176 and 0.180, respectively. The level of genetic diversity was lower in the populations of the St. Lawrence lowlands than in those of western Quebec. This observation will help in guiding the selection program of the eastern white pine improvement program under way in Quebec. Genetic differentiation among sampled populations was weak and accounted for only 2% of the total diversity. The estimate of gene flow was very high, resulting in low values for genetic distances among populations. Only one locus showed a heterogeneity of allelic frequencies among populations after the Bonferroni procedure was applied for simultaneous statistical tests. A cluster analysis based on genetic distances among populations revealed that the Anticosti and Abitibi populations, located at the limit of the natural rang of white pine, were similar to populations from regions that were geographically the most distant.