Canadian Forest Service Publications

Effect of male and female age on the mating success of the obliquebanded leafroller Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae) under different ecological conditions. 1995. Delisle, J. Journal of Insect Behavior 8: 781-799.

Year: 1995

Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 16697

Language: English

CFS Availability: Not available through the CFS (click for more information).

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that male and female age, as well as temperature, can affect the mating success of Choristoneura rosaceana, given the role that these two factors play in the pheromone biology of this species. In the laboratory, the mating success of females generally declined linearly with age, whereas in males, it increased during the first 3 days and then decreased. The decline in female mating success was more pronounced under warm than cool thermocycles, while the changes observed in males were greater under fluctuating than constant temperature regimes. The onset time of mating was unaffected by male age, however, older females always mated earlier than younger ones, with the advance being more pronounced at cool than warm temperatures. Similar results were also obtained under field conditions. When a single 3-day-old male was provided with 0-, 3-, and 5-day-old females simultaneously, older females obtained mates significantly more often than younger individuals at all temperatures, indicating that calling earlier may afford a reproductive advantage to older females. At both constant temperatures, the time spent mating was longer in older than in younger females, but not under fluctuating thermocycles. Very young and very old males generally spent more time in copula than middle-aged individuals both at constant temperatures and under the warm thermocycle. Under the cool thermocycle, the duration of mating was considerably prolonged at all ages, which could increase the risk of predation.

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