Canadian Forest Service Publications

Changes in ABA and gene expression in cold-acclimated sugar maple. 1997. Bertrand, A.; Robitaille, G.; Castonguay, Y.; Nadeau, P.; Boutin, R. Tree Physiology 17: 31-37.

Year: 1997

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 16727

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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To determine if cold acclimation of sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) is associated with specific changes in gene expression under natural hardening conditions, we compared bud and root translatable mRNAs of potted maple seedlings after cold acclimation under natural conditions and following spring dehardening. Cold-hardened roots and buds were sampled in January when tissues reached their maximum hardiness. Freezing tolerance, expressed as the lethal temperature for 50% of the tissues (LT50), was estimated at -17 °C for roots, and at lower than -36 °C for buds. Approximately ten transcripts were specifically synthesized in cold-acclimated buds, or were more abundant in cold-acclimated buds than in unhardened buds. Cold hardening was also associated with changes in translation. At least five translation products were more abundant in cold-acclimated buds and roots compared with unhardened tissues. Abscisic acid (ABA) concentration increased approximately tenfold in the xylem sap following winter acclimation, and the maximum concentration was reached just before maximal acclimation. We discuss the potential involvement of ABA in the observed modification of gene expression during cold hardening.