Canadian Forest Service Publications
Distribution and phenolic composition of sapwood and heartwood in Abies grandis and effects of the balsam woolly aphid. 1977. Puritch, G.S. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 7(1): 54-62.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 1792
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The distribution of sapwood and heartwood was analyzed at three different height levels in Abiesgrandis infested and non-infested with balsam woolly aphid. In non-infested trees, there was a highly significant regression between percentage heartwood age and disk age and a less significant regression between percentage heartwood area and disk area. Aphid infestation increased both the number of annual rings of heartwood and the heartwood area. The amount of heartwood in the infested trees was highly variable and dependent upon the degree of aphid infestation. Phenolic composition of A. grandis was similar to western hemlock, with heartwood containing matairesinol, hydroxymatairesinol, conidendrin, and an unknown phenolic glucoside. Sapwood contained several leucoanthocyanidins. Aphid infestation did not alter the phenolic composition of the heartwood, but it did cause the occurrence of a new phenolic in the sapwood. The possible causes of the increased amounts of heartwood in infested trees are discussed.