Canadian Forest Service Publications

Characterization of soil P in coastal forest chronosequences of southern Vancouver Island: effects of climate and harvesting disturbance. 2000. Preston, C.M; Trofymow, J.A. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 80: 633-647.

Year: 2000

Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 18019

Language: English

Availability: Order paper copy (free), PDF (download)

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Abstract

Limitation of tree growth due to inadequate (P) supply has been found for young plantations following harvesting of old-growth in high rainfall areas of coastal British Columbia. To understand the reasons for P limitation, we investigated P chemistry in mineral soil to 50 cm depth in sites from the Coastal Forest Chronosequence project on Vancouver Island. This allowed comparison of biogeoclimatic subzone (higher rainfall on west than east coast sites) and of time from harvesting disturbance (seral stage). Available (Bray 1) P was significantly higher (P<0.001) on the drier east side (up to 50 mg kg-1 ), than on the west side (< 5 mg kg-1 ), although total P values were less divergent (694 mg kg-1, east and 534 mg kg-1, west). There were no significant seral stage effects on total and available P. Extraction with 0.5 M NaOH recovered 50 - 60 % of total P, except for samples from 10 - 30 cm depth on the west side, for which only 20% was recovered, an effect not found for C. Analysis of the NaOH extracts by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy showed much higher proportions of orthophosphate P on the east side. West side extracts were higher in organic P forms, especially diesters, typical of forest ecosystems with restricted nutrient cycling and high precipitation. On the west side, low concentrations of available P, higher proportions of organic P in NaOH extracts, and depression of NaOH extractability at 10 - 30 cm are consistent with P being a limiting nutrient for tree growth, a problem that may be exacerbated by harvesting disturbance.