Canadian Forest Service Publications
Evidence for environmental determination of uredinia and telia production in Chrysomyxa pirolata (inland cone rust). 2000. Crane, P.E.; Hiratsuka, Y. Canadian Journal of Botany 78(5): 660-667.
Available from: Northern Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 18175
We investigated whether the deposition of Castilleja linariaefolia (Pursh) V. Grant pollen on flowers of Ipomopsis aggregata (Benth.) in DC. reduced I. aggregata's seed set. Ipomopsis flowers were hand-pollinated with either pure conspecific pollen (the control) or with C. linariaefolia pollen applied prior to, simultaneously with, or following conspecific pollen. Flowers that were simultaneously given C. linariaefolia and I. aggregata pollen received 39% less conspecific pollen than flowers in the control, but did not set fewer seeds per fruit. Flowers that were given C. linariaefolia pollen first received 30% less conspecific pollen and set 38% fewer seeds per fruit than the control. These results suggest that there is a priority effect; deposition of C. linariaefolia pollen on I. aggregata flowers results in competition, but only when C. linariaefolia pollen is deposited first. Unlike pollen of another competitor of I. aggregata (Delphinium nelsonii Greene. Per.), C. linariaefolia pollen caused competition without inducing an increased rate of stigma closure. Only 12% of I. aggregata's stigmas closed when C. linariaefolia pollen was deposited, and seed set of I. aggregata was reduced relative to the control whether their stigmas closed or not. The low rate at which C. linariaefolia pollen induces closure of I. aggregata's stigmas could be an adaptation to reduce the negative effects of competition.
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