Canadian Forest Service Publications

Characteristics of a disease of Sphagnum fuscum caused by Scleroconidioma sphagnicola. 2001. Tsuneda, A.; Chen, M.H.; Currah, R.S. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 1217-1224.

Year: 2001

Available from: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 18832

Language: English

CFS Availability: Order paper copy (free), PDF (request by e-mail)

Abstract

Scleroconidioma sphagnicola Tsuneda, Currah & Thormann, a dematiaceous hyphomycetous fungus, was found to cause a disease of Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) Klinggr. Hyphae of S. sphagnicola penetrated into chlorophyllose cells of host leaves and caused degeneration of chloroplasts, resulting in chlorosis of the infected leaves. Parasite hyphae often grew inside the host cell wall, and cavities were created around the hyphae. The invaded cell wall of Sp. fuscum appeared swollen and showed wavy deformation. In advanced stages of disease development, infected leaf chlorophyllose cells and stem cortical cells were necrotic and the entire plant became brown, shriveled, and brittle. Hyphae of S. sphagnicola began to form microsclerotia during early stages of disease development. Microsclerotia either formed conidiogenous cells on their surface or remained metabolically inactive and did not form conidiogenous cells. It was concluded that S. sphagnicola is a necrotrophic pathogen of Sp. fuscum, and its morphological and phenological features show remarkable adaptations for dispersal and colonization as a pathogen in bog habitats.

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