Canadian Forest Service Publications
Charcoal evidence for Indian-set fires: a comment on Clark and Royall [Holocene comment and reply to: Transformation of a northern hardwood forest by aboriginal (Iroquois) fire: charcoal evidence from Crawford Lake, Ontario, Canada, The Holocene 1995:5(1):1-9]. 1995. Campbell, I.D.; McAndrews, J.H. The Holocene 5(3): 369-370.
Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 18971
Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
Clark and Royall (1995) present a charcoal influx curve for Crawford Lake in southern Ontario and conclude that the Indians were responsible for a succession from beech to oak and pine throughout southern Ontario. We present an alternative hypothesis, that the 'Little Ice Age' caused the forest succession and that domestic fires and burning of stubble in agricultural fields were responsible for the charcoal record.