Canadian Forest Service Publications

Spore dispersal gradients and disease gradients of western gall rust. 1993. Blenis, P.V.; Chang, K.-F.; Hiratsuka, Y. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23(12): 2481-2486.

Year: 1993

Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 19114

Language: English

Availability: Order paper copy (free), PDF (request by e-mail)

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To determine whether spore dispersal gradients of Endocronartium harknessii (J.P. Moore) Y. Hiratsuka were present adjacent to heavily infected pine stands, spore samplers were placed 0.5 m above ground, at five distances, 2–80 m from the edge of an 18-year-old stand and were operated for a total of 33 days over 2 years. Six weather parameters were recorded inside the stand, and multiple regression was used to determine the relationship between weather and parameters of spore dispersal. To determine whether gradients of lodgepole pine (Pinuscontorta Dougl. var. latifolia Engelm.) seedlings infected by gall rust were present adjacent to heavily infected pine stands, seedling infection was determined in 75-m2 plots centered 2.5–120 m from the stand edge, in five such plots in the center of that stand, and in transects of two-tree plots through a second stand. Spore concentration decreased with increasing distance from the stand edge in accordance with the power law model. Spore concentrations and the slopes of spore dispersal gradients were significantly affected by wind values, although there was considerable unexplained variation. There was little evidence for the existence of disease gradients.