Canadian Forest Service Publications
Wastewater treatment sludge as a raw material for the production of Bacillus thuringiensis based biopesticides. 2001. Tirado Montiel, M.D.L.; Tyagi, R.D.; Valéro, J.R. Water Res. 35: 3807-3816.
Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 19593
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Seven wastewater sludges of different origins and types were used as an alternate culture medium for producing Bacillus thuringiensis variety kurstaki HD-1. The sludge samples were used under three different preparations: without pre-treatment, with acid treatment (hydrolysed sludge) and the supernatant obtained after centrifugation of the hydrolysed sludge. The sludge composition varied widely with origin and the type of sludge. Growth and sporulation were evaluated by the total viable cell count and spore count of the preparations. Growth, sporulation and endotoxin production were affected by the sludge origin. Hydrolysed sludge gave the highest viable cell and spore counts while the liquid phase (supernatant) gave the lowest. Non-hydrolysed primary sludge from Valcartier was unable to sustain bacterial growth because of its low pH. Bioassays were conducted against larvae of spruce budworm to evaluate entomotoxic potential of the preparations obtained. In general, sludge hydrolysis increased the entomotoxicity yields. Similar entomotoxicity was observed in Black Lake secondary sludge (4100 IU/µL) as that obtained in the reference soya medium (3800 IU/µL). The use of the sludge supernatant (liquid phase) was not recommended due to the low entomotoxic potential obtained.