Canadian Forest Service Publications

Random amplified polymorphic DNA variability among geographic isolates of western gall rust fungus in Canada. 2001. Li, Changxi; Yeh, F.C.; Hiratsuka, Y. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31(8): 1304-1311.

Year: 2001

Available from: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 21139

Language: English

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Abstract

Geographic variability among western gall rust (WGR) fungus (Endocronartium harknessii (J.P. Moore) Y. Hiratsuka) was studied by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Samples were taken from lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.) host at four locations in British Columbia and Alberta and from jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) host at nine locations in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario. Of 90 random oligonucleotide primers screened, 9 were chosen for analysis. These nine primers consistently amplified 41 sharp and reproducible RAPDs (fragments) of the WGR fungal isolates over several independent runs. Eighteen of the 41 RAPDs were polymorphic (showing the presence of both marker and null phenotypes), of which 15 could discriminate WGR isolates of lodgepole pine hosts from jack pine ones. Of these 15 RAPDs, five were unique to isolates of lodgepole and five to jack pine. The remaining five RAPDs were significantly heterogeneous in the RAPD frequency between WGR isolates of the two host origins. The RAPD pattern of WGR isolates from lodgepole pine was uniform. However, isolates from jack pine differed significantly in the frequency of four RAPDs among locations, with an east-west trend of decreasing similarity in RAPD. Analysis of molecular variance apportioned 76.3, 14.4, and 9.3% of the total RAPD variability to differences among hosts, to differences among locations within hosts, and to differences within locations, respectively. The large differentiation between WGR fungal isolates sampled in lodgepole pine and jack pine hosts might suggest that selective pressure for host specificity in sampled populations was strong.

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