Canadian Forest Service Publications

Tree germplasm preservation using biotechnology. 1995. Charest, P.J.; Klimaszewska, K. Pages 10-15 in P.J. Charest and L.C. Duchesne, compilers. Recent progress in forest biotechnology in Canada. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Petawawa National Forestry Institute, Chalk River, Ontario, Information Report PI-X-120.

Year: 1995

Issued by: National Capital Region

Catalog ID: 21303

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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This paper reviews the status in Canada of tree germplasm preservation using biotechnolgoy. The preservation techniques described here are for storage of elite tree tissue cultures that are part of improvement programs, of tree tissue cultures of unique genotypes, and of endangered species. Until now, the emphasis of tissue culture preservation techniques was on tree improvement; there is, however, an increased interest in using these techniques to preserve endangered species. Subculturing, slow growth, artificial seed manufacture, cryopreservation and vitrification are covered as methods of tissue culture preservation. The two commonest methods are subculturing and cryopreservation. More research is required to insure that the other methods are widely applicable and that cryopreservation becomes less costly.