Canadian Forest Service Publications
Sensitivity of the thematic mapper enhanced wetness difference index to detect mountain pine beetle red-attack damage. 2003. Skakun, R.S.; Wulder, M.A.; Franklin, S.E. Remote Sensing of Environment 86: 433-443.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 22785
Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
Red-attack damage caused by mountain pine beetle (Dentroctonus ponderosa Hopkins) infestation in stands of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) in the Prince George Forest Region of British Columbia was examined using multitemporal Landsat-7 ETM+ imagery acquired in 1999, 2000, and 2001. The image data were geometrically and atmospherically corrected, and processed using the Tasseled Cap Transformation (TCT) to obtain wetness indices. The final steps included pixel subtraction, enhancement, and thresholding of the wetness index differences. The resulting enhanced wetness difference index (EWDI) was used to interpret spectral patterns in strands with confirmed (through aerial survey) red-attack damage in 2001, and these EWDI patterns were compared to the patterns of reflectance in normal-colour composites. We stratified the aerial survey dataset into two levels and used the EWDI to discriminate classes of 10–29 red-attack trees and 30–50 red-attack trees, and a sample of healthy forest collected from inventory data. Classification accuracy of red-attack damage based on the EWDI ranged from 67% to 78% correct.