Canadian Forest Service Publications
Managing spruce budworm in Canada within the framework of ecosystem management. 2003. Alfaro, R.I.; Shand, A.; Nealis, V.G.; Volney, W.J.A.; Fleming, R.A. Page 385 in Proceedings of the XII World Forestry Congress, September 21-28, 2003, Quebec, Canada. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy, Vol. B - Forests for the Planet, Co-published by Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, and the Government of Quebec.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 23839
CFS Availability: PDF (download)
Conifer-feeding budworms in the genus Choristoneura are eruptive species that periodically defoliate conifer forests in North America, causing growth loss and, ultimately, tree mortality. These impacts create the need for management interventions. Emerging trends in forestry require a holistic approach that considers the implications of budworm management within an ecosystem context. To minimize the negative impacts of forest practices and preserve ecosystems in perpetuity, we now seek to develop forest-management systems that emulate natural disturbances such as budworm outbreaks. This approach requires a detailed understanding of the ecosystem processes that cause the rise and fall of budworm populations, and of the changes that disturbances bring about. In this paper we review the data needs and present a system to manage budworm populations within the framework of ecosystem management.
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