Canadian Forest Service Publications
Variation in wind and crown fire behaviour in a northern jack pine – black spruce forest. 2004. Taylor, S.W.; Wotton, B.M.; Alexander, M.E.; Dalrymple, G.N. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34(8): 1561-1576.
Available from: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 24911
CFS Availability: PDF (download)
Fire spread and flame temperature were examined in a series of nine experimental crown fires conducted in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Average rates of spread were 17.8–66.8 m·min–1 (0.3–1.1 m·s–1) over burning periods from about 1.5–10 min across 75 m X 75 m to 150 m X 150 m plots. Detailed maps of fire front progression revealed areas with higher rates of spread in the order of tens of metres in horizontal dimension and tens of seconds in duration in several of the fires, which is consistent with the influence of coherent wind gusts. Comparison of open and in-stand wind speed before and after burning suggests that defoliation in the canopy layer during burning would result in the flaming zone having greater exposure to the ambient wind. Estimates of flame front residence from video observations at the surface averaged 34 s; estimates from temperature measurements decreased significantly with height from 74 s at the surface to 31 s below the canopy
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