Canadian Forest Service Publications
Evaluation of an inoculum production and delivery technique for Valdensinia heterodoxa, a potential biological control agent for salal. 2004. Vogelgsang, S.; Shamoun, S.F. Biocontrol Science and Technology 14(8): 747-756.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 24989
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Inoculum production of Valdensinia heterodoxa Peyr. (isolate PFC 3027), a foliar pathogen of salal (Gaultheria shallon Pursh.), was evaluated on various solid substrates. Incubation on salal leaf pieces resulted in the greatest number of discharged conidia, which is deemed a suitable indicator for sporulation and inoculum dispersal of V. heterodoxa. Subsequently, V. heterodoxa inoculum of two isolates (PFC 2761 and PFC 3027) was produced on salal leaf pieces using four different growth periods (0, 4, 8, or 12 days) and three different cold storage treatments (0, 4, or 8 weeks) following harvest of colonised leaf pieces. Overall, the maximum number of discharged conidia was obtained with a growth period of 4 or 8 days, whereas the effect of a cold storage treatment was inconclusive between the fungal isolates and various growth periods. Conidia discharge from salal leaf piece inoculum of V. heterodoxa (PFC 2761 and PFC 3027) applied on pot soil level resulted in 8-41% leaf damage of intact salal plants. Results from this study indicate the potential of salal plant tissue as both a growth substrate and a suitable delivery technique for V. heterodoxa to control salal.