Canadian Forest Service Publications
Survival and growth of Picea glauca seedlings as a function of freezing temperatures and exposure times during budbreak and shoot elongation. 2004. Bigras, F.J.; Coursolle, C.; Margolis, H.A. Scand. J. For. Res. 19: 206-216.
Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 25083
CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)
The impact of freezing temperatures and exposure times during budbreak and shoot elongation on 10-month-old containerized white spruce seedlings (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) was studied. Seedlings were exposed to 0, -2, -4, -6, -8 and -10°C for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h at four stages of budbreak and shoot elongation (stage 1: unswollen bud; stage 2: swollen bud; stage 3: bud scales parted by emerging needles; stage 4: 1-5 cm of terminal shoot growth). Seedling and terminal bud survival, viability of first-year needles (developed before frost exposure), terminal shoot length, stem diameter and aerial dry mass were measured 90 days after freezing exposure. Frost severity had a much greater influence on seedling survival, damage and subsequent growth than exposure time. The bud development stage at which freezing temperatures were applied also affected survival and subsequent growth.
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