Canadian Forest Service Publications
Applying geographic information systems and remote sensing to forest fire monitoring, mapping and modelling in Canada. 2004. Englefield, P.; Lee, B.S.; Fraser, R.H.; Landry, R.; Hall, R.J.; Lynham, T.J.; Cihlar, J.; Li, Z.; Jin, J-Z.; Ahern, F.J. Pages 240-245 in R.T. Engstrom, K.E.M. Galley, and W.J. de Groot, editors. Proceedings of the 22nd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Temperate, Boreal and Montane Ecosystems, October 15-18, 2001, Kananaskis, Alberta. Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, Florida, USA.
Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 25111
The Fire Monitoring, Mapping and Modelling System (Fire M3) is an initiative of the Canada Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) and the Canadian Forest Service (CFS), both agencies of Natural Resources Canada. The goals of Fire M3 are to use low-resolution satellite imagery to monitor actively burning fires on a daily basis; to estimate annual area burned; and to model fire behavior, biomass consumption, and carbon emissions from fires. Same-day fire products are made available on the Fire M3 web site and have been used for a variety of purposes including national reporting and climate change research. The daily operation of the system during the forest fire season involves 1) satellite image reception in Saskatchewan and Quebec; 2) production of geocoded, Canada-wide composite images at CCRS; 3) application of CCRS fire, smoke, and burned-area detection algorithms to produce raw fire products; 4) production of final daily fire products at CFS, including weather-based fire behavior modeling; and 5) dissemination of daily fire products on the Fire M3 web site within 12 hours of satellite reception.