Canadian Forest Service Publications

Alternative method for estimating aboveground net primary productivity applied to balsam fir stands in eastern Canada. 2005. Lavigne, M.B.; Foster, R.J.; Goodine, G.; Bernier, P.Y.; Ung, C.-H. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 35: 1193-1201.

Year: 2005

Available from: Atlantic Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 25514

Language: English

CFS Availability: Order paper copy (free)

Abstract

Aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP) was measured in three balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) forests on a climatic transect extending from southern New Brunswick ("warm" study area) to central Quebec ("cool" study area). Annual foliar production was estimated with a relationship between cross-sectional area at breast height of the current-year annual xylem ring and the mass of current-year foliage, using data obtained by harvesting trees at the beginning of the study. This relationship differed among study areas. Annual branch production was determined from annual foliar production and the ratio of annual branch production to annual foliar production. The ratio of branch to foliar production was estimated from intensive measurement of a sample of branches collected at the end of the study period; it varied among years but was similar for all study areas. ANPP was 3.36 Mg C-ha-1year-1 at the warm study area, 3.73 Mg C-ha-1year-1 at the mid-transect study area, and 3.04 Mg C-ha-1year-1 at the cool study area. These estimates of ANPP were greater than those estimated using a conventional method of summing up increment and litterfall. On average, the conventional estimate of ANPP was 83% of the estimate using relationships described above. Because net ecosystem productivity is the difference between NPP and heterotrophic respiration, a 17% underestimate of NPP can have a substantial effect on the estimate of carbon-sink activity of a forest.

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