Canadian Forest Service Publications
Molecular cloning and characterization of a putative nuclear DEAD box RNA helicase in the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana. Arch. 2006. Zhang, D.Y.; Ampasala, D.R.; Zheng, S.-C.; Cusson, M.; Cheng, X.W.; Krell, P.J.; Feng, Q.L. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 61: 209-219.
Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 26542
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RNA helicases play important roles in cellular processes such as pre-mRNA splicing, rRNA processing, ribosomal biogenesis, and translation. A full-length DEAD box RNA helicase cDNA (CfrHlc113) was isolated from the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana. CfrHlc113 contained the eight functional motifs, which are highly conserved in the DEAD box RNA helicase family, and an arginine-serine-aspartate (RSD) domain at its N-terminal end. CfrHlc113 was highly homologous to Rattus norvegicus HEL117 and human prp5 genes, both of which are suggested to be involved in RNA splicing. The results of Northern and Western blotting showed that expression of the CfrHlc113 gene was low or undetectable in eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults. High levels of expression were, however, detected in the three in vitro cultured cell lines, CF-203, CF-124T, and CF-70, which were developed from the midgut, ovaries, and neonate larvae, respectively. Immunocytochemistry revealed that CfrHlc113 protein was present exclusively in the nuclei of these cell lines.