Canadian Forest Service Publications

Simplified and improved somatic embryogenesis for clonal propagation of Pinus pinaster (Ait.) 2006. Lelu-Walter, M.A.; Bernier-Cardou, M.; Klimaszewska, K. Plant Cell Rep. 25: 767-776.

Year: 2006

Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 26977

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Abstract

In this study, several improvements and simplifications of SE protocols in Pinus pinaster (Ait.), a species of economic importance in the regions of Western Europe, are described. These improvements pertained to all stages of SE including high initiation frequencies in eight control pollinated seed families, relatively high somatic embryo maturation yield when cells were coated with particles of activated charcoal and a rapid production of plants directly in a shade house. The SE initiation frequency from isolated zygotic embryos was high (up to 100%) and plants were produced from 11 embryogenic lines representing all crosses. Based on these results, the estimated number of somatic embryos required to produce 1,000 plants varied from slightly more than the required number of plants to more than double this number depending on the line. Such an estimate is critical in developing plant production strategy when a number of embryogenic lines are considered for production of clonal plants.

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