Canadian Forest Service Publications

The role of allatostatic and allatotropic neuropeptides in the regulation of juvenile hormone biosynthesis in Lacanobia oleracea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 2001. Edwards, J.P.; Audsley, N.; Marris, G.C.; Cusson, M.; Weaver, R.J. Peptides 22: 255-261.

Year: 2001

Issued by: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 27010

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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In the sphinghid moth Manduca sexta, two allatoactive neuropeptides appear to be responsible for regulating juvenile hormone (JH) production by the corpora allata (CA). These peptides (M. sexta allatostatin, Mas-AS, and M. sexta allatotropin, Mas-AT) respectively inhibit and stimulate in vitro JH biosynthesis by CA in this insect. However, although Mas-AS inhibits CA in both larval and adult insects, Mas-AT is active only in adult M. sexta. The situation in other lepidopteran species is less clear-cut and, although both peptides have been detected (usually by immunologic and/or molecular techniques) in several other moths (including noctuids), their function as regulators of JH production remains uncertain. In the tomato moth Lacanobia oleracea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), we have previously demonstrated the occurrence of Mas-AS and/or Mas-AT in extracts of CA, brain and other organs, and have shown that both peptides are present in larval and adult forms. However, in L. oleracea, although Mas-AS inhibits larval and adult CA in vitro, it does so only at relatively high concentrations, and to a maximum of only ˜70%. By contrast, Mas-AT (which is also present in larval and adult L. oleracea) stimulates larval and adult CA, but is substantially more potent (˜100 fold) than the allatostatin. In this paper we present the results of paired, concurrent measurements (using ELISA) of levels of Mas-AS and Mas-AT in brains, CA and hemolymph (plasma and hemocytes) of L. oleracea at times when there are marked changes in JH titers. We also present data on the in vitro rates of JH biosynthesis by isolated CA, and on hemolymph JH esterase activity measured at the same critical developmental times, and discuss all of these data in relation to the putative allatoregulatory roles of the M. sexta allatotropic and allatostatic neuropeptides in L. oleracea.