Canadian Forest Service Publications
Perspectives regarding 50 years of research on effects of tropospheric ozone air pollution on US forests. 2007. Karnosky, D.F.; Skelly, J.M.; Percy, K.E.; Chappelka, A.H. Environmental Pollution 147: 489-506.
Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 27268
Tropospheric ozone (O3) was first determined to be phytotoxic to grapes in southern California in the 1950s. Investigations followed that showed O3 to be the cause of foliar symptoms on tobacco and eastern white pine. In the 1960s, "X" disease of ponderosa pines within the San Bernardino Mountains was likewise determined to be due to O3. Nearly 50 years of research have followed. Foliar O3 symptoms have been verified under controlled chamber conditions. Studies have demonstrated negative growth effects on forest tree seedlings due to season-long O3 exposures, but due to complex interactions within forests stands, evidence of similar losses within mature tree canopies remains elusive. Investigations on tree growth, O3 flux, and stand productivity are being conducted along natural O3 gradients and in open-air exposure systems to better understand O3 effects on forest ecosystems. Given projected trends in demographics, economic output and climate, O3 impacts on US forests will continue and are likely to increase.