Canadian Forest Service Publications

Historical fire regime shifts related to climate teleconnections in the Waswanipi area, central Quebec, Canada. 2007. Le Goff, H.; Flannigan, M.D.; Bergeron, Y.; Girardin, M.-P. Int. J. Wildland Fire 16: 607-618.

Year: 2007

Available from: Laurentian Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 28032

Language: English

CFS Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Abstract

The synchrony of regional fire regime shifts across the Quebec boreal forest, eastern Canada, suggests that regional fire regimes are influenced by large-scale climate variability. The present study investigated the relationship of the forest-age distribution, reflecting the regional fire activity, to large-scale climate variations. The interdecadal variation in forest fire activity in theWaswanipi area, north-eastern Canada, was reconstructed over 1720–2000. Next, the 1880–2000 reconstructed fire activity was analysed using different proxies of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO).We estimated the global fire cycle around 132–153 years, with a major lengthening of the fire cycle from 99 years before 1940, to 282 years after 1940. Correlations between decadal fire activity and climate indices indicated a positive influence of the PDO. The positive influence of PDO on regional fire activity was also validated using t-tests between fire years and non-fire years between 1899 and 1996. Our results confirmed recent findings on the positive influence of the PDO on the fire activity over northern Quebec and the reinforcing role of the NAO in this relationship.

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