Canadian Forest Service Publications

Sorption and desorption of non-ionic herbicides onto particulate organic matter from surface soils under different land uses. 2008. Benoit, P.; Madrigal, I.; Preston, C.M.; Chenu, C.; Barriuso, E. European Journal of Soil Science 59(2): 178-189.

Year: 2008

Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 28145

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2007.00967.x

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In vegetative filter strips used to intercept pesticides present in run-off, particulate organic matter derived from the vegetation plays an important function in pesticide sorption processes, because it accumulates at the soil surface and quickly responds to changes in land use. Two herbicides with contrasted properties: isoproturon, moderately hydrophobic (log Kow = 2.5), diflufenican, strongly hydrophobic (log Kow = 4.9), and isopropylaniline, a metabolite of isoproturon, were used to characterize the sorption and desorption properties of POM originating from soils under three different land uses: a cropped plot under conventional wheat/maize rotation, an adjacent 10-year-old grassed strip and a nearby 80-year-old oak/chestnut forest. Chemical structural composition information obtained from solid-state 13C CPMAS NMR and estimation of hydrophobicity from contact angle measurements were used to explain the different sorption capacities of POM according to their size and origins. Sorption of isoproturon and diflufenican increased with hydrophobicity of POM, which was greater in the forest soil. Aromaticity of POM was positively correlated to sorption coefficients (Koc). Desorption of the more hydrophobic compounds, diflufenican and isopropylaniline was weak for all POM fractions, regardless of their origin and size. On the other hand, desorption of isoproturon depended on land use and POM characteristics. The sorption capacities of POM were not only controlled by their chemical composition, but also by their size, due to a greater number of sorptive sites related to a greater surface area with decreasing particle-size.