Canadian Forest Service Publications
High-performance liquid chromatography characterization and identification of antioxidant polyphenols in maple syrup. 2008. Abou-Zaid, M.M.; Nozzolillo, C.; Tonon, A.; Coppens, M.D.; Lombardo, D.A. Pharmaceutical Biology 46: 117-125.
Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 28297
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Maple syrup of four grades (extra-light, light, medium, and dark) of the 2007 crop was provided by three local (St. Joseph's Island, Ontario, Canada) producers. Twenty-four phenolic compounds were isolated from a medium-grade syrup and identified on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. They were (a) benzoic acid and several hydroxylated and methoxylated derivatives (gallic acid, 1-O-galloyl-b.beta-d-glucose, b.gamma-resorcylic acid); (b) cinnamic acid derivatives (p-coumaric acid, 4-methoxycinnamic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, and the ester chlorogenic acid); (c) flavonoids, the flavanols catechin and epicatechin, and the flavonols kaempferol and its 3-O-b.beta-d-glucoside, 3-O-b.beta-d-galactoside, quercetin and its 3-O-b.beta-d-glucoside, 3-O-b.beta-L-rhamnoside and 3-O-rhamnoglucoside (rutin). Traces obtained at 280 and 350 nm in HPLC runs of the ethyl acetate-soluble fractions of eight samples indicated the presence of many more phenolic substances, most at very low concentration with some varibilities in peak heights, but not in retention times, among the syrups. In view of the well-established antioxidant activity these substances possess, it is suggested that it is the complexity of the mixture rather than any one compound that may serve to counter the unhealthful presence of the high concentration of sugars in the syrup.