Canadian Forest Service Publications

Development of dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium) infections on western hemlock, shore pine, and western larch. 1971. Smith, R.B. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 1(1): 35-42.

Year: 1971

Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 28452

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1139/x71-005

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Abstract

Newly dispersed seeds, established infections, and individually tagged shoots of hemlock dwarf mistletoe on western hemlock and shore pine, and established infections and individual shoots of larch mistletoe on western larch were examined periodically for up to 7 years, Infections on hemlock first appeared as swellings, some of which were visible during the first year after seed dispersal. Aerial shoots appeared in the second year. By the end of the third year most infections exhibited both swellings and aerial shoots. On all three hosts, mature mistletoe fruit were produced occasionally in the fourth year but generally not until the fifth year. Most female aerial shoots bore at least one crop of flowers during their existence, however, only half produced mature fruit. Aerial shoots varied in their life span from less than 1 year up to 7 years. The average was 2 to 3 years. One female shoot on larch bore five successive crops of flowers. The fastest longitudinal growth of mistletoe endophytic system occurred on western larch and the slowest was on shore pine. All infections were nonsystemic in that the endophytic system was largely confined to the swollen portions of the hosts.

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