Canadian Forest Service Publications

Predicting selected wood properties of jack pine following commercial thinning. 2008. Schneider, R.; Zhang, S.Y.; Swift, D.E.; Bégin, J.; Lussier, J.M. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 2030-2043.

Year: 2008

Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 28969

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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This paper examined the impact of commercial thinning on selected wood properties of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.). Wood properties evaluated include wood density (ring density, earlywood ring density, and latewood ring density), percentage of latewood in the ring, and wood bending properties. Nonlinear, mixed-effect models have been developed using data from three commercially thinned sites in eastern Canada. Ring density followed the same pattern as percentage of latewood, in which cambial age, relative height, and ring width were found to have important effects. Earlywood and latewood ring densities changed within the juvenile wood zone until a plateau was reached. Ring width affected earlywood and latewood ring densities mainly in narrow rings. Wood bending stiffness (measured by modulus of elasticity) and strength (measured by modulus of rupture) increased with cambial age and wood density; whereas, wood strength was also affected by ring width. Commercial thinning did not influence the developed models, but it had an indirect effect through increased ring width.