Canadian Forest Service Publications
Distribution of eggs of western blackheaded budworm, Acleris gloverana (Walsingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), and of foliage over the crowns of western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. 1990. Shepherd, R.F.; Gray, T.G. The Canadian Entomologist 122: 547-554.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 2980
Availability: PDF (download)
Eggs of western blackheaded budworm, Acleris gloverana (Walsingham), were found on the underside of needles of western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg., with higher densities in the mid-crown area toward the outer tips of branches. Fringe and dominant trees were preferred oviposition sites over trees in lower crown classes or shaded positions. Vertical differences in needle density were considerable and led to high variability in insect densities when expressed on a per branch basis. When densities of eggs were based on a fresh branch weight basis there was a significant decrease in sample bias caused by the uneven distribution of foliage over the crowns.