Canadian Forest Service Publications

Combining pheromone-baited and food-baited traps for insect pest control: effects of developmental period. 1991. Barclay, H.J.; Haniotakis, G.E. Researches in Population Ecology 33(2): 269-285.

Year: 1991

Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 3071

Language: English

CFS Availability: Order paper copy (free)

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Abstract

An age-structured population dynamics model is presented that incorporates pheromone-trapping and food-trapping as control methods for an insect pest. The model yields the following results. Low rates of pest survivorship allow lower trapping rates for control. Species with long developmental periods are easier to control than those with shorter developmental periods (other factors being equal) due to lower net survival. The rates of pheromone trapping alone for effective control are usually very high. The combination of pheromone and food trapping allows control with much lower trapping rates than either method alone. Even small amounts of immigration of adult pests into the control area renders pheromone control ineffective, whereas food traps suppress both the immigrants and the resident population. Food- (or odor-) baited traps which attract both males and females are only somewhat more efficient than those which attract females alone. The existence of density-dependent population regulation assists the control program substantially, but this assistance declines as food trapping becomes a more important part of the control program. Larval competition strongly affects the required trapping rates for eradication; species in which all larvae exert strong competition are much easier to control than those in which the younger larvae contribute little to the total competitive depression.