Canadian Forest Service Publications
Influence of dormancy induction treatments on western hemlock seedlings. II. Physiological and morphological response during the first growing season on a reforestation site. 1991. Grossnickle, S.C.; Arnott, J.T.; Major, J.E. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21(2): 175-185.
Issued by: Pacific Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 3126
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Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.) seedlings from four dormancy induction treatments (DIT) (i.e., long-day dry, long-day wet, short-day dry, short-day wet) were planted on a coastal reforestation site in British Columbia and monitored for physiological response and morphological development over the first growing season. Seedlings in all DIT showed a similar net photosynthetic, needle conductance, and shoot water potential response to seasonal low temperature, non droughty, and late summer drought conditions. Pressure-volume analysis at the beginning of the growing season (late February) showed short-day wet seedlings to have lower saturated and turgor loss point osmotic potentials than other DIT, while at the end of the growing season (October) there was no osmotic potential difference between DIT. At the end of the growing season, short-day wet seedlings had a much lower maximum modulus of elasticity than other DIT, indicating their shoots were still elongating. Morphological assessment 1 month after field planting showed short-day DIT seedlings had less needle damage and greater root development in response to continuous low temperature exposure. Four months after planting, long-day wet seedlings had the greatest shoot (i.e., height, root collar diameter) and root development in response to mild temperatures and high soil moisture conditions. Eight months after planting, survival was between 95 and 97% for all DIT. Long-day DIT seedlings had the greatest height and all DIT had similar root collar diameter and root development. Short-day DIT seedlings had the best shoot/soil roots ratio. Short-day wet seedlings had the least number of stem units per centimetre of new shoot development throughout the growing season. Results are discussed in reference to stock quality assessment presented in the first paper of this series.