Canadian Forest Service Publications
Practical considerations in the use of pheromones an dsemiochemicals fo rmanagement of insect pests in seed orchards. 1994. Grant, G.G. Pages 71 - 82 in J.J. Turgeon and P. De Groot, editors. Biology Damage and Management of Seed Orchard Pests. Natural Resources Canada, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste Marie Ontario.
Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 31291
CFS Availability: Order paper copy (free)
Although identified pheromones are available for most of the important lepidopteran and coleopteran pests of coniferous seed orchards in Ontario, their use in pheromonebased trapping systems to detect, monitor, or forecast pest populations is still largely experimental. Thus, the key elements for developing a standardized pheromone-based trapping system, including trap design, lure formulation, trap placement, and trapping objectives are discussed. Potential difficulties, such as the occurrence of insect diapause and capture of non-target insects, are also considered. Information on commercial sources of traps and related supplies and conditions for optimum trapping of selected orchard pests is summarized in tables.