Canadian Forest Service Publications

Causal factors behind household expenditure leakage and its effect on community resource dependence in Quebec. 2010. Kuhnke, D.H.; White, W.A. Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Northern Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta. Information Report NOR-X-418. 55 p.

Year: 2010

Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 31697

Language: English

Series: Information Report (NoFC - Edmonton)

Availability: PDF (download)

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Abstract

The term “resource-dependent community” denotes a rural community dependent on one or several resource-based industries for most of its economic livelihood. However, the concept of resource dependence can be broadened to describe a community’s degree of dependence on all base and nonbase sectors that make up its economy. In this study, sector dependence indices based on location quotients were used to examine the effect of household expenditure within and outside of communities associated with the Bas-Saint-Laurent Model Forest in Quebec on traditional interpretations of community resource dependence. The causal factors behind household expenditure leakage were also investigated through ordinary least-squares modeling to determine linkages between dependence and characteristics of both the community and its households. The study revealed that traditional sector dependence indices based on employment and income are biased when dependence is examined in a larger context. The sector of employment also had little bearing on leakage except through income. Family structure, home community population, travel distances, and education were the main causal factors driving the degree of household expenditure leakage.