Canadian Forest Service Publications
Development and long-term evaluation of harvesting patterns to reduce windthrow risk of understorey spruce in aspen-white spruce mixedwood stands in Alberta, Canada. 2009. MacIsaac, D.A.; Krygier, R. Forestry 82(3): 323-342.
Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre
Catalog ID: 31930
The Hotchkiss River Mixedwood Timber Harvesting Study developed new approaches to harvesting systems for western Canada's boreal mixedwood forests. Conventional harvesting equipment was used to test 11 harvesting and silvicultural systems over a 530-ha site. These include one- and two-pass modified uniform shelterwoods, two- and three-pass strip shelterwoods, two-pass alternate strip shelterwoods and four-pass progressive strip shelterwoods. These were used to test varying levels of wind protection designed to protect and minimize wind damage to understorey (immature) white spruce residuals following harvest of the aspen overstorey. Ongoing monitoring of wind dynamics and associated windthrow patterns since 1992 have provided clear management practice guidelines for reducing windthrow of immature spruce and residual aspen following harvesting. There are thresholds related to spruce height and distance from aspen residuals, beyond which windthrow damage increases significantly. The influence of topography, timing of harvest and the spatial configurations of multiple harvests on windthrow dynamics have been clarified through this research. These results have provided valuable information to help forest planners to utilize harvesting and silvicultural systems that best reduce windthrow damage to understorey spruce, following harvest of overstorey aspen.