Canadian Forest Service Publications

Forest dependence and community well-being in rural Canada: a longitudinal analysis. 2011. Stedman, R.C.; Patriquin, M.N.; Parks, J.R. Forestry 84(4): 375-384. (Open Access).

Year: 2011

Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 32565

Language: English

Availability: Order paper copy (free), PDF (download)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpr024

† This site may require a fee

Mark record


The well-being of people living in forest-dependent communities has been studied extensively, but little research has explored how this relationship has changed over time. Some theories suggest that regional differences in well-being should decrease, through the flow of capital and labour, while other work suggests that these inequalities will grow. Our research uses Census of Canada data at the census subdivision level at 5-year intervals between 1986 and 2001 to describe regional differentiation in the relationship between employment in forest sectors (logging, services, pulp and lumber) and unemployment and median family income as indicators of well-being. We found general declines, which varied somewhat by region, over time in forest dependence across the regions and changing composition of the forest industry across these sectors. The relationship between forest dependence and well-being over time varied by region, largely tied to intra-industry sector shifts.