Canadian Forest Service Publications

A stand dynamic model for red pine plantations with different initial densities. 2011. Li, S.; Hao, Q.; Swift, D.E.; Bourque, C.P.-A.; and Meng, F.-R. New Forests 41: 41-53.

Year: 2011

Issued by: Atlantic Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 33068

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

Available from the Journal's Web site.
DOI: 10.1007/s11056-010-9208-x

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A stand dynamic model was developed to predict the growth response in even-aged forest planations of different initial planting densities. The model is based on the integration of three subcomponents: height growth, self-thinning, and diameter increment. The integrated model uses the height of dominant trees to simulate stand response to site quality and internal growth potential. An extended self-thinning submodel is used to simulate mortality in stands due to crowding and inter-tree competition. A diameter increment submodel is used to link the height growth and self-thinning submodels. The height growth submodel is based on an application of the "Pipe Model" theory. The three-parameter self-thinning submodel is developed from an extended self-thinning law that captures self-thinning in stands before they attain full stocking. The diameter increment model is based on the assumption that diameter increment is related to height growth and available growing space described by stand density. The integrated model is applied to data collected from a 45-year-old red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) plantation subsectioned with different initial planting densities. For the data used, only two parameters were required to capture 99% of measured variation in height growth. Additional data from sites with different planting intensities are required to formulate a more generalized height growth model. The slope of the linear self-thinning limit for red pine is approximately -1.5. Model predictions are consistent with field measurements.