Canadian Forest Service Publications

Stimulation of Waitea circinata by root exudates of Pinus cembroides. 1969. Agnihotri, V. P.; Vaartaja, O. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 15:1319-1323.

Year: 1969

Issued by: Great Lakes Forestry Centre

Catalog ID: 33115

Language: English

Availability: PDF (request by e-mail)

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Effects of root exudates from Pinus cembroides to Wailea circinata were studied by using paper chromatography. Each of 14 seedlings liberated an average of 175 Jlg of ninhydrin-positive substance and 133 Jlg of sugars in 35 days. From these, 14 amino acids, 4 sugars, and 3 organic acids were identified. The root exudate induced greatly increased mycelial growth over a wide temperature range, but sclerotia were produced only after 20 days between 15 and 20°C. Each amino acid and carbohydrate, except threonine, valine, glycine. glutamic acid, lysine, y-aminobutyric acid, and citric acid, stimulated vegetative growth. Neither basidia nor sclerotia developed on any nutrient medium. The sclerotia did not require exogenous nutrition for germination and initial growth. Germination percentage remained between 95 and 100 with each exudate component All carbohydrate components, either singly or in combination, stimulated extension growth from sclerotia. Of 14 amino acids, only aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and leucine supported faster extension growth than the control (water agar). Temperature and pH influenced germination and growth, the optima being at 25 to 30°C and pH 5 to 6.